Managing dental patient with auditory deficit: literature review
*Martinez FCH Department Of Dental Science, Gran Mariscal De Ayacucho University, Gran Mariscal De Ayacucho University, Gran Mariscal De Ayacucho University, Guarico State, Venezuela
Department Of Dental Science, Gran Mariscal De Ayacucho University, Gran Mariscal De Ayacucho University, Gran Mariscal De Ayacucho University, Guarico State, Venezuela
Published on: 2020-11-04
Introduction: Hearing is the usual way of acquiring lan- guage, which is one of the most important attributes of man. Language allows human beings to communicate with each other and has had a decisive participation in the develop- ment of society and its many cultures. Auditory deficit carries personal and social consequences, such as difficulties and/ or conflicts when receiving care from the doctor or dentist. Objectives: The objective of this article is to describe the determinants of the patient with auditory deficit to take into account at the moment of his dental care and to establish the communication strategies for an effective relation to the patients with deficiencies Auditory in the dental consultation in order to develop a practical guide aimed at the dental pro- fessional for the care of patients with hearing impairments. Materials and methods: A bibliographic review was car- ried out by means of the consultation of databases of the reference systems, such as SciElo and Google using the combinations of keywords: Deafness, auditory deficit, dental management among others. In addition, original printed texts were also available. Development: Conventional methods of dental treatment are not modified by treating patients with functional diversity, only use a different management to establish a more effec- tive dentist-patient relationship functional diversities Senso- ry (deafness and blindness) require the use of strategies to improve communication, using sign language, writing, use of Braille, lip reading and stimulating the sensopercepción of the patient’s eyesight, touch and hearing. Conclusion: A hearing impairment represents, for those who suffer, a barrier in communication with the rest of soci- ety, especially when receiving health care. The dentist must know and possess the necessary strategies and tools to cope with this situation and successfully achieve the pro- posed treatment objectives.
The law for Persons with disabilities in Venezuela defines functional diversity as any complex condition of the human being constituted by biopsychosocial fac- tors, which evidences a temporary or permanent re- duction or suppression of any of its capacities sensory, motors or intellectual that may manifest in absences, anomalies, defects, losses or difficulties to perceive, to move without support, to see or to hear, to communi- cate with others, or to integrate with the activities of education or work, in the family with the Community, limiting the exercise of rights, social participation and the enjoyment of a good quality of life, or impeding the active participation of people in the activities of family and social life, without necessarily implying disability or Inability to insert socially . Hearing is the usual way to acquire language, and the total or partial loss of this ability can alter the be- havior of individuals. According to who “It is called hear- ing defect to the inability to hear as well as a person whose hearing is normal”. More than 5% of the world’s population (360 million people) suffer from disabling hearing loss (328 million adults and 32 million children). Disabling hearing loss means hearing loss greater than 40 dB (Decibel) in the ear with better hearing in adults, and superior to 30 dB in the ear with better hearing in children. Most people with disabling hearing loss live in low-and middle-income countries. In today’s working world, the dental professional needs to develop strategies that lead to respond to less frequent stimuli of their environment. In health scienc- es, the dentist has the need to adapt to the treatment with people who have a functional diversity situation, who require care, medical management and use of as- sistance or specialized programs in health to provide a treatment specific to his condition.