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Peri-urbanization and noise exposure: a strategic study in quetta, Pakistan

Published on: 2020-03-10

Abstract

Peri-Urbanization and higher noise exposure plays a crucial role on physical and mental health of the area residents. The paper uses mix methods approach to analyse the impact of noises exposure in Peri-Urban settlements in Quetta city. The noise level ratings gathered over a period of nine months are combined with social survey data and analyzed for deducing results. The results shows that overall population of the district has increased quite rapidly showing substantial increase rate of 437.91% during the last 67 years. Vehicular density increases by five-fold in the last decade. Recorded noise levels ranges from 60.3 to 110.5 dBA in Peri-Urban areas. The survey indicates in Peri-Urbanization areas, the increased noise levels had a multifaceted impacts on the area residents. Deteriorating health situation faced by the residents include sleep disturbance, headache, cardiovascular system, hearing loss, stress, anxiety, depression due to which resident’s tolerance level also dropped. Noise is also the cause of aggression that creates unpleasant social behavior and poor work performance. The paper concluded that the noise related symptoms are results of improper planning, traffic congestion, lack of awareness and ignorance. The paper finally recommends policy directions by giving a “Garden vista Conurbation” program for its management.

Keywords

Peri-Urbanization; “Garden vista Conurbation”; Environmental; Planning; Social Noise Impacts; Sustainable City Development; Noise Planning and Policy