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Neonatal cerebral sinovenous thrombosis: a rare case report and literature review
Published on: 2020-03-30
Neonatal cerebral sinovenous thrombosis is a rare and potentially lifethreatening disorder associated with various long-term neurological deficits. The pathogenesis of cerebral sinovenous thrombosis in neonates is still unclear. Many potential risk factors have been identified, such as gestational or delivery complications or neonatal comorbid conditions including dehydration, sepsis, or cardiac defects. A correct diagnosis is often delayed due to the subtle presentation of the disorder, leading to delayed treatment with poor outcomes. Herein, we report a preterm female neonate who was born only with the presentation of intrapartum maternal fever. Routine brain sonography showed intraventricular hemorrhage. In a further study, brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed neonatal multiple sinovenous thrombosis. To prevent potential thrombosis development and ameliorate possible thrombosis-related problems, the infant immediately received anticoagulation therapy. At the 3-month followup, developmental milestones were within the normal range, and the follow-up brain MRI scans also showed normal results. In conclusion, early recognition and proper treatment may yield a better prognosis for neonatal cerebral sinovenous thrombosis, especially when patients exhibit any possible risk factors, which should alert healthcare professionals.